When you make the decision to start farming indoors, you’ll have to consider if you want to start a greenhouse or vertical farm. Each of these farming techniques are unique and beneficial in their own ways. Choosing either one will depend on your specific farming needs. In this article we’re going to cover greenhouse farming vs. vertical farming and their differences to help you decide which method is best for you.
What is Greenhouse Farming?
Greenhouse farming is done indoors in a well-suited environment with access to direct sunlight. With this method, you will grow your crops, vegetables, or fruits in a horizontal line, so they can have equal sunlight exposure. Greenhouses require quite a bit of space and are mainly found in suburban and rural areas. They provide farmers with a controlled environment and help them pull more yields all-year round compared to traditional farming methods.
What is Vertical Farming?
Vertical farming is also done indoors in a controlled environment. This system relies on artificial light and a vertical layering system for the plants. Because of its vertical layers, these systems can be implemented in dense urban areas and cities since they don’t require a lot of space. These systems tend to cost more to operate; however, they produce greater yields per square meter. Vertical farming systems also allow for year-round growths and high yields.
Greenhouse Farming Vs. Vertical Farming Factors to Consider
Both of these farming methods are done indoors. But there are some main differences that will help you decide which technique is best for you and your business.
Lighting: Do you want to rely on artificial light or natural sunlight to grow your plants? Either of these options are optimal for plant growth. But, if you don’t have the means to afford an artificial lighting system, then you may be more inclined to go with natural sunlight. For this reason, greenhouse farming systems would be more down your alley.
Space: Do you have a spacious place where you can place your indoor farm? Or do you live in the city and you don’t have a lot of room to grow your crops? Greenhouse farms require lots of room since the plants are in a horizontal position. If you don’t have acres of land, then this option isn’t the best for you. It’s better to go with a vertical farming system since they can be located in cities and don’t require much room.